Native Plants

Syncarpia glomulifera

Grey Gum
Eucalyptus punctata

Grey Iron Bark
Eucalyptus paniculata

White Mahogany
Eucalyptus acmenioides

Smooth-barked Apple
Angophora costata

Red Ash
Alphitonia excelsa

Forest She-oak
Allocasuarina torulosa

Black She-oak
Allocasuarina littoralis

Sweet Pittosporum
Pittosporum undulatum

Hickory Wattle
Acacia implexa

Spotted Gum
Corymbia maculata

Guioa semiglauca

Persoonia linearis

Hard Quandong
Elaeocarpus obovatus

Red Kamala
Mallotus philippensis

Jacksonia scoparia

Native Yam
Dioscorea transversa

Rough Saw Sedge
Gahnia aspera

Straight Wattle
Acacia stricta

Persoonia linearis

Scolopia braunii

Prickly-leaved Paperbark
Melaleuca nodosa

Hedgehog Grass
Echinopogon caespitosus

Woolly Pomaderris
Pomaderris lanigera

Onion Orchid
Microtis unifolia

Prickly Moses
Acacia ulicifolia

Narrow-leaved Palm Lily
Cordyline stricta

Pastel Flower
Pseuderanthemum variabile

Spade Flower
Hybanthus stellarioides

Wombat Berry
Eustrephus latifolius

Hairy Apple Berry
Billardiera scandens

Staff Vine
Celastrus australis

Blady Grass
Imperata cylindrica

Willow-leaved Hakea
Hakea salicifolia

Red-fruited Olive Plum
Cassine australis

Greenhood Orchid
Pterostylis sp

Native Indigo
Indigofera australis

Austral Bluebell
Wahlenbergia gracilis

Sandpaper Fig
Ficus coronata

Native Geranium
Geranium sp

Native Frangipani
Hymenosporum flavum

Native Peach
Trema tomentosa

White Euodia
Melicope micrococca

Narrow-leaved Orange-bark
Denhamia sylvestris

Pearl Vine
Sarcopetalum harveyanum

Blue Flax Lily
Dianella caerulea

Rough Holly
Podolobium ilicifolium

Gorse Bitter Pea
Daviesia ulicifolia

Dolly Bush
Cassinia aculeata

Forest She Oak
Allocasuarina torulosa

Dusky Coral Pea
Kennedya rubicunda

               Trailing Guinea Flower                                  Hibbertia dentata

Rough-fruit Pittosporum
Pittosporum revolutum

Tea Tree
Leptospermum sp

Old Man’s Beard
Clematis glycinoides

                    Twining Glycine                                           Glycine clandestina

Basket Grass
Oplismenus aemulus

Creeping Beard Grass
Oplismenus imbecillus

Native Olive
Notolaea longifolia

                     Blackthorn                                             Bursaria spinosa

Veiny Wilkiea
Wilkiea hueglesiana

Lilly Pilly
Acmena smithii

False Sarsparilla
Hardenbergia violacea

                 Spiny Mat-rush                                            Lomandra longifolia

Sydney Golden Wattle
Acacia longifolia

Sickle-leaved Wattle
Acacia falcata

White Caladenia
Caladenia catenata

                 Wonga Wonga Vine                               Pandorea pandorana

Rusty Fig
Ficus rubiginosa

Rusty Fig
Ficus rubiginosa

Black She-Oak
Allocasuarina littoralis

                 Hickory Wattle                                            Acacia implexa

Maiden’s Wattle
Acacia maidenii

Sweet Pittosporum
Pittosporum undulatum

Red Kamala
Mallotus philippensis

                 Slender Mat Rush                                      Lomandra filiformis

Barbed-wire Grass
Cymbopogon refractus

Native Cherry
Exocarpos cupressiformis

Hoary Guinea Flower
Hibbertia obtusifolia

                  Coffee Bush                                         Breynia oblongifolia

Hop Bush
Dodonaea triquetra

Forest Lobelia
Lobelia trigonocaulis

Needle Bush
Hakea sericea

                 Native Wandering Jew                                 Commelina cyanea

Native Grape
Cayratia clematidea

Daisy Bush
Ozomanthus diosmifolius

Ground Berry
Acrotriche divaricata

                      Tick Trefoil                                      Desmodium rhytidophyllum

Slender Tick Trefoil
Desmodium varians

Cheese Tree
Glochidion ferdinandi

Ferns and Cycads

BirdsNest Fern
Asplenium australasicum

Necklace Fern
Asplenium flabellifolium

Bracken Fern
Pteridium esculentum

Sickle Fern
Pellaea falcata

Macrozamia spiralis

Rough Maidenhair Fern
Adiantum hispidulum

Rock Fern
Cheilanthes sp

Rasp Fern
Doodia aspera

Macrozamia sp



Fungi are very tricky to identify.  To start the process the following names have been suggested but awaiting confirmation. 

  • Russula species;
  • Ramaria capitata, coral fungus species – Row 3e
  • Ghost Fungus (Omphalotus nidiformis – glows in the dark);
  • Hairy Crust bracket fungus;
  • Elegant Blue Webcap (Cortinarius rotundisporus);- Row 5b
  • Rooting Shank (Xerula radicata); and little
  • Suede Milk Cap (Lactifluus clarkeae) – Row 4c ?
  • Ruby Bonnett (Mycena viscidocruenta).- Row 5a
  • Red Woodchips Fungus (Leratiomyces ceres) – Row 5c ?


Verbena rigida

Hoary Mullein
Verbascum sp

Purple Top
Verbena bonariensis

Camphor Laurel
Cinnamonum camphora

Broad-leaved Privet
Ligustrum lucidum

Crofton Weed
Ageratina adenophora

Small-leaved Privet
Ligustrum sinense

Red Natal Grass
Melinis repens

Chilean Quaking Grass
Briza subaristata

Blowfly Grass
Briza maxima

White Eye
Richardia braziliensis

Scotch Thistle
Onopordium acanthium

Giant Coolatai Grass
Hyparrhenia hirta

Pigeon Grass
Setaria sp

South African Pigeon Grass
Setaria sphacelata

Brazilian Nightshade
Solanum seaforthianum

Cotoneaster sp

Tall Fleabane
Conyza sumatrensis

Fishbone Fern
Nephrolepis cordifolia

Crassocephalum crepidioides

Paddy’s Lucerne
Sida rhombifolia

Formosan Lily
Lilium formosanum

Cobblers Peg
Bidens pilosa

Turkey Rhubarb
Acetosa sagittata

Pampas Grass
Cortaderia selloana

White Clover
Trifolium repens

Morning Glory
Ipomoea indica

Rubus fruticosus

Wild Tobacco
Solanum mauritianum

Moth Vine
Araujia sericifera

Paspalum dilatatum

Balloon Cotton Bush
Gomphocarpus physocarpus

Hen & Chicken
Phyllanthus tenellus

Blackberry Nightshade
Solanum nigrum

Black-eyed Susan
Thunbergia alata

Myrtle-leaf Milkwort
Polygala myrtifolia

Panic Veldt Grass
Ehrharta erecta

Mickey Mouse Bush
Ockna serrulata

Wild Passionfruit
Passiflora sp

Senna pendula

Fumaria officinalis

Madeira Vine
Anredera cordifolia

Asparagus Fern
Protoasparagus aethiopicus

Lantana camara

African Olive
Olea europaea spp africana

Native Fauna

Banjo Frog

More than 60 birds have been observed by a Munibung Hill Conservation Society member who has been visiting Munibung Hill for over 22 years.  How many of these birds still reside or visit Munibung Hill we are unsure of. The small selection of images here are not all of actual sitings but are included for identification purposes should you come across them while visiting the area.

Nankeen Kestrel with lizard
Swamp Harrier, 10.09.08 T.Clarke
Brown Goswak, 26.08.08 T.Clarke, Bird Observers Society
Whipbird (s)
Eastern yellow robin (s)
King parrot
Blue wren
Beautiful Firetail (s)
Red Wattlebird
Welcome Swallow
White-plumed Honeyeater
Tawny Frogmouth
Little Wattlebird
Masked Owl is a threatened species
Powerful Owl - a threatened species - in tree hollow
White-bellied Sea Eagle is a threatened species
Juvenile Black Cockatoos, Image courtesy Derek Philipson 17.10.18

Invertebrates are animals without a backbone. Of the planet’s estimated 15-30 million animal species, 90% or more are invertebrates. Invertebrates live just about anywhere.  There is a good chance that you have seen an invertebrate recently. Do you recall batting away a fly, unearthing a worm, or admiring a spider as it waited to catch food in its web. Well guess what? All of these animals and many more are collectively known as invertebrates – animals that lack a backbone. 

Invertebrates are everywhere.  There are so many invertebrates on this planet that it is impossible to count them all. They come in many shapes and sizes, live practically anywhere and provide many services that are vital for our survival.  Invertebrates are all around us and yet amazingly most go about their daily business unnoticed. Much of this has to do with the size of invertebrates. On land, invertebrates range from fractions of a millimetre to approximately 150 centimetres in length, though most are less than five centimetres.

Invertebrate groups.  Terrestrial (land) invertebrates include the following groups, many of which also have members that live in freshwater or marine environments: Insects, Spiders, Centipedes, Millipedes, Worms, Velvet worms, Slaters, Landhoppers

Other invertebrates include land-dwelling members such as: Snails and slugs.


Note:   Insects have three body regions (head, thorax and abdomen), three pairs of legs and a pair of antennae.  One gift most insects have that other arthropods lack is the ability to fly.




Red-Eye Cicada

Southern Brown Bandicoot

Ring-tailed Possum, image courtesy Museum Victoria
Brushtail Possum, image by David Cook
Wallaby not unlike this one was spotted on the south west side of Munibung Hill in 2018


Bearded dragon

Blue-tongued skink commonly called Blue-tongued lizard

Common Green Tree Snake Dendrelaphis punctulatus spotted on Munibung Hill 17.10.18 at 8.30am.  This species has a yellow belly, is non-venomous and is common in eastern Australia. Image by Eric Vanderbuys, in What Snake is that? Hunter & Central Coast NSW

Long-necked tortoise

Diamond Python
Water Dragon
Red-bellied Black Snake (s)
Green Tree Snake Image courtesy Derek Philipson 17.10.18

Non native invaders

Introduced animals be they domestic or wild are of great concern to the Munibung Hill Conservation Society.  These are very distressing pictures.

Cats and foxes are both introduced species of the hunting variety that prey on native wildlife. It is extremely important to keep cats indoors at night. And the dumping of unwarranted pets in the bush is a crime against nature in our view.
(Images are generic for illustration purposes only, sourced from ABC News and Conservation Volunteers Australia)

Bandicoots are prey for domestic and feral cats
Bandicoots are vulnerable to attack by foxes.


Newcastle Astronomical Society member at the ABCtv Stargazing Live event at Speers Point park 23 May 2018

Community Art

Valuing our City’s Trees – a workshop held at Woodrising Neighbourhood Centre, 10th August 2019.  Image 3rd at right is Robyn Charlton, team leader and supplier of resources and inspiration.

A team effort