Muttonwood Myrsine variabilis
Cabbage Tree Palm
Hard Quandong Elaeocarpus obovatus
Dusky Coral Pea
Trailing Guinea Flower Hibbertia dentata
Old Man’s Beard
Twining Glycine Glycine clandestina
Creeping Beard Grass
Blackthorn Bursaria spinosa
Spiny Mat-rush Lomandra longifolia
Sydney Golden Wattle
Wonga Wonga Vine Pandorea pandorana
Hickory Wattle Acacia implexa
Slender Mat Rush Lomandra filiformis
Hoary Guinea Flower
Coffee Bush Breynia oblongifolia
Native Wandering Jew Commelina cyanea
Tick Trefoil Desmodium rhytidophyllum
Slender Tick Trefoil
Ferns and Cycads
Rough Maidenhair Fern
Fungi are very tricky to identify. To start the process the following names have been suggested but awaiting confirmation.
- Russula species;
- Ramaria capitata, coral fungus species – Row 3e
- Ghost Fungus (Omphalotus nidiformis – glows in the dark);
- Hairy Crust bracket fungus;
- Elegant Blue Webcap (Cortinarius rotundisporus);- Row 5b
- Rooting Shank (Xerula radicata); and little
- Suede Milk Cap (Lactifluus clarkeae) – Row 4c ?
- Ruby Bonnett (Mycena viscidocruenta).- Row 5a
- Red Woodchips Fungus (Leratiomyces ceres) – Row 5c ?
Red Natal Grass
Chilean Quaking Grass
Giant Coolatai Grass
South African Pigeon Grass
Balloon Cotton Bush
Hen & Chicken
Panic Veldt Grass
Mickey Mouse Bush
Olea europaea spp africana
More than 60 birds have been observed by a Munibung Hill Conservation Society member who has been visiting Munibung Hill for over 22 years. How many of these birds still reside or visit Munibung Hill we are unsure of. The small selection of images here are not all of actual sitings but are included for identification purposes should you come across them while visiting the area.
Invertebrates are animals without a backbone. Of the planet’s estimated 15-30 million animal species, 90% or more are invertebrates. Invertebrates live just about anywhere. There is a good chance that you have seen an invertebrate recently. Do you recall batting away a fly, unearthing a worm, or admiring a spider as it waited to catch food in its web. Well guess what? All of these animals and many more are collectively known as invertebrates – animals that lack a backbone.
Invertebrates are everywhere. There are so many invertebrates on this planet that it is impossible to count them all. They come in many shapes and sizes, live practically anywhere and provide many services that are vital for our survival. Invertebrates are all around us and yet amazingly most go about their daily business unnoticed. Much of this has to do with the size of invertebrates. On land, invertebrates range from fractions of a millimetre to approximately 150 centimetres in length, though most are less than five centimetres.
Invertebrate groups. Terrestrial (land) invertebrates include the following groups, many of which also have members that live in freshwater or marine environments: Insects, Spiders, Centipedes, Millipedes, Worms, Velvet worms, Slaters, Landhoppers
Other invertebrates include land-dwelling members such as: Snails and slugs.
Note: Insects have three body regions (head, thorax and abdomen), three pairs of legs and a pair of antennae. One gift most insects have that other arthropods lack is the ability to fly.
Southern Brown Bandicoot
Common Green Tree Snake Dendrelaphis punctulatus spotted on Munibung Hill 17.10.18 at 8.30am. This species has a yellow belly, is non-venomous and is common in eastern Australia. Image by Eric Vanderbuys, in What Snake is that? Hunter & Central Coast NSW
Non native invaders
Introduced animals be they domestic or wild are of great concern to the Munibung Hill Conservation Society. These are very distressing pictures.
Cats and foxes are both introduced species of the hunting variety that prey on native wildlife. It is extremely important to keep cats indoors at night. And the dumping of unwarranted pets in the bush is a crime against nature in our view.
(Images are generic for illustration purposes only, sourced from ABC News and Conservation Volunteers Australia)
Newcastle Astronomical Society member at the ABCtv Stargazing Live event at Speers Point park 23 May 2018
Valuing our City’s Trees – a workshop held at Woodrising Neighbourhood Centre, 10th August 2019. Image 3rd at right is Robyn Charlton, team leader and supplier of resources and inspiration.